Lithospheric folding and sedimentary basin evolution:a review and analysis of formation mechanisms
S. Cloetingh and E. Burov
Journal name: Basin Research
Issue: Vol 23, No 3, June 2011 pp. 257 - 290
Info: Article, PDF ( 3.94Mb )
Lithospheric folding is an important mode of basin formation in compressional intraplate settings. Basins formed by lithospheric folding are characterized by distinct features in subsidence history. A comparison with extensional basins, foreland basins, intracratonic basins and pull-apart basins provides criteria for the discrimination between these modes of basin formation. These findings are important in deciphering the feedbacks between tectonics and surface processes. In addition, inferences on accommodation space and thermal regime have important consequences for hydrocarbon maturity. Lithospheric folding is coupled to compressional reactivation of basins and faults, and therefore, strongly affects reservoir characteristics of sedimentary basins.