Topographic Migration of GPR Data - Case Studies from Dry Sand Dunes and Active Fault Areas
J.R. Dujardin and M. Bano
Event name: Near Surface Geoscience 2012 – 18th European Meeting of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics
Session: Developments in Modelling and Inversion
Publication date: 03 September 2012
Info: Extended abstract, PDF ( 4.35Mb )
Price: € 20
Most Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) measurements are performed on nearly flat areas. If strongly dipping reflections and/or diffractions are present in the GPR data, a classical migration processing step is needed in order to determine the geometries of shallow structures. Nevertheless, standard migration routine is not suitable for GPR data collected on areas showing variable and high topographic relief. To account for the topographic variations the GPR data are, in general, corrected by applying static shifts instead of using an appropriate topographic migration which would place the reflectors at their correct locations with the right dip angle. In this paper we present an overview of Kirchhoff migration and show the importance of topographic migration in the case where the depth of the target structures is of the same order as the relief variations. Examples of synthetic and real GPR data are shown to illustrate the efficiency of the topographic migration. I am a PhD student and would like to be considered for the AGAP-Quality Award.