Tectonic modelling of the Middle Jurassic synrift stratigraphy in the Oseberg–Brage area, northern Viking Graben
M. Ter Voorde, R. Ravnås, R. Færseth and S. Cloetingh
Journal name: Basin Research
Issue: Vol 9, No 2, June 1997 pp. 133 - 150
Info: Article, PDF ( 2.69Mb )
A finite difference model, allowing for episodic movements along different faults, is used to examine the effect of tectonics on the stratigraphic signature in the Oseberg–Brage area in the northern Viking Graben. Constraints are provided by local exploration and production well data and 3-D seismic coverage, and a regional depth-converted seismic line. In the modelling, we focus on the influence of varying rates of fault movement on stratigraphic signatures such as upflank unconformities and changes in layer thickness. We couple the basinwide features of the northern Viking Graben with the fault-block-scale features of the Oseberg–Brage area by using parameter constraints derived by large-scale modelling as input for the local-scale model. In addition, subsidence patterns resulting from the basinwide model were used as background subsidence for the fault block model of the Oseberg–Brage area. The model results indicate that the alternating activation of dierent faults with varying extension rates can cause stratigraphic features such as unconformities, condensation and onlap/offlap patterns. Onlap occurs during periods of low extension rates. An increase in extension rate along a fault causes footwall uplift, resulting in condensation or upflank erosion yielding unconformities. This influence can also affect sub-basins further away from the fault. Downdip layer thickening reflects the local tilting of fault blocks. The coupling of the local and regional scales turns out to be essential in explaining the stratigraphy of the Oseberg–Brage area: basinward and, notably, updip layer thickening as observed on some of the fault blocks can only be explained by activity of the boundary fault on the opposing, western margin of the northern Viking Graben.