Geophysical investigation in the Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounio, Attica, Greece
G. Apostolopoulos, K. Leontarakis and C. Orfanos
Journal name: First Break
Issue: Vol 32, No 8, August 2014 pp. 53 - 59
Special topic: Near Surface Geoscience
Info: Article, PDF ( 2.21Mb )
Price: € 30
G. Apostolopoulos, K. Leontarakis and C. Orfanos present an integrated geophysical investigation of the Temple that has been done with EM, GPR and ERT measurements. The cliff at Cape Sounion is the spot from where Aegeus, King of Athens, leapt to his death, thus giving his name to the Aegean Sea. The original Archaic Period Temple of Poseidon on the site, which was built of tufa, was destroyed in 480 BC by Persian troops during Shahanshah Xerxes I’s invasion of Greece. After the Athenians defeated Xerxes in the naval Battle of Salamis, the later Temple at Sounion, whose columns still stand today (Figure 1), was probably built in ca. 440 BC. This was during the ascendancy of Athenian statesman Pericles, who also rebuilt the Parthenon in Athens. The Ministry of Culture’s 2nd Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities has set up a project for geophysical investigation to detect whatever constructions or material may exist under the temple (possible relics of the previous temple). This project has been undertaken by the Applied Geophysics Laboratory of the School of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering at the National Technical University of Athens.