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A Robust Gradient for Long Wavelength FWI UpdatesNormal access

Authors: J. Ramos-Martinez, S. Crawley, Z. Zou, A.A. Valenciano, L. Qiu and N. Chemingui
Event name: 78th EAGE Conference and Exhibition 2016
Session: Full Waveform Inversion III - Methods
Publication date: 31 May 2016
DOI: 10.3997/2214-4609.201601536
Organisations: EAGE
Language: English
Info: Extended abstract, PDF ( 2.72Mb )
Price: € 20

We present a robust method to produce long wavelength updates in gradient-based Full Waveform Inversion (FWI). The solution introduces dynamic weights in the velocity sensitivity kernel derived from impedance and velocity parameterization of the classical objective function. The new kernel implementation effectively eliminates the migration isochrones produced by the specular reflections and enhances the low wavenumber components in the gradient in heterogeneous media. It is able to deliver velocity updates beyond penetration depth of diving waves. We use synthetic examples to illustrate how this dynamic weighted FWI gradient successfully recovers the velocity from pre-critical reflections. We also show with dual sensor data from deep-water Gulf of Mexico how the dynamic weighted FWI gradient can combine both transmitted and reflected energy in a global FWI scheme.

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