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Effective stresses and shear failure pressure from in situ Biot’s coefficient, Hejre Field, North SeaNormal access

Authors: J.B. Regel, I. Orozova-Bekkevold, K.A. Andreassen, N.C. Hoegh van Gilse and I.L. Fabricius
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 65, No 3, May 2017 pp. 808 - 822
DOI: 10.1111/1365-2478.12442
Organisations: Wiley
Language: English
Info: Article, PDF ( 2.89Mb )

We propose a combination of Biot’s equations for effective stress and the expression for shear failure in a rock to obtain an expression for minimum pore pressure in a stable vertical well bore. We show that a Biot’s coefficient calculated from logging data in the Hejre Field, North Sea, is significantly different from 1. The log-derived Biot’s coefficient is above 0.8 in the Shetland Chalk Group and in the Tyne Group, and 0.6–0.8 in the Heno Sandstone Formation. We show that the effective vertical and horizontal stresses obtained using the log-derived Biot’s coefficient result in a drilling window for a vertical well larger than if approximating Biot’s coefficient by 1. The estimation of the Biot’s coefficient is straightforward in formations with a stiff frame, whereas in formations such as shales, caution has to be taken. We discuss the consequence of assumptions made on the mineral composition of shales as unphysical results could be obtained when choosing inappropriate mineral moduli.

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