Mechanical compaction in heterogeneous clastic formations from plastic–poroelastic deformation principles: theory and applications
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 65, No 3, May 2017 pp. 724 - 735
Info: Article, PDF ( 1.43Mb )
Mechanical compaction or loss of porosity due to increase in effective stress is a fundamental geological process that governs many of the rock elastic and transport parameters, all of great importance in exploring and developing subsurface reservoirs. The ability to model the compaction process enables us to improve our understanding of the seismic signature of the basin and better relate the geology of deposition to current porosity, velocity, pore pressure, and other mechanical parameters that depend on the state of compaction of the sediment. In this paper, a set of mathematical equations that can be used to model the plastic deformation associated with primary and secondary loading curves is presented. Compaction laws are posed in terms of natural strain increment formulation often used in plasticity theory to model large deformation. Laboratory and field estimates of constitutive plastic deformation relations for sand–shale mixtures are used in a numerical model that generates estimates of porosity under various pore pressures, shale content, and loading scenarios. These estimates can be used in a variety of settings to predict various basin and reservoir properties associated with different loading conditions and/or sedimentation processes.