On the Parameterization of Seismic Anisotropy in Elastic Waveform Inversion - The HTI Case
M. Jakobsen, I. Psencik, E. Iversen and B. Ursin
Event name: 79th EAGE Conference and Exhibition 2017
Session: Seismic Anisotropy - FWI and Parameterization
Publication date: 12 June 2017
Info: Extended abstract, PDF ( 1.35Mb )
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We present a method for frequency domain seismic waveform inversion in anisotropic media, in which dimensionless weak-anisotropy (WA) parameters are used. The WA parameters represent a generalization of conventional Thomsen parameters and are more convenient for applications than standard Voigt notation. Despite their name, the WA parameters can be used for anisotropy of any strength, symmetry and orientation. Their great advantage is that no a priori knowledge of the orientation of the symmetry axes or planes is required. The presented method is based on the ray-Born approximation for the forward modeling and least-squares solution of the corresponding linear inverse problem. Although we have ignored non-linear effects of multiple scattering, our results have important for implications for full waveform inversion (FWI) in anisotropic media, since the Born approximation is commonly used for the calculation of Frechet derivatives. We have performed numerical experiments in a 2D heterogeneous HTI model with a syncline of a large curvature. The numerical results show clearly that that the inversion results obtained with the use of WA parameters are much closer to the true model than the corresponding results obtained with the Voigt stiffness parameters.