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Tectonic History and Structural Evolution of the East Africa MarginGold Open Access

Authors: S.T. Sutton, P.H. Figueredo, M.A Sullivan, C. Johnson and G. Karner
Event name: Third EAGE Eastern Africa Petroleum Geoscience Forum
Session: Regional Hydrocarbon Systems
Publication date: 07 November 2017
DOI: 10.3997/2214-4609.201702397
Organisations: EAGE
Language: English
Info: Abstract, PDF ( 3.81Mb )

Summary:
Understanding petroleum systems within a complex region such as East Africa requires an approach that focuses on identifying controls on distribution of hydrocarbon systems, reservoir and seal, and trap history. We have defined several genetic tectono-stratigraphic domains across the East Africa offshore margin that share key hydrocarbon system characteristics whilst at the same time reflecting important spatial and temporal margin trends. East Africa’s margin history records rifting, continental break-up and long-lived structural reactivation and rejuvenation due to far-field tectonic stresses. Continental rifted margins in the north (Somalia to Northern Mozambique) are characterized by hyper-extension and/or mantle exhumation. In contrast, magma-rich margins developed in the south between Southern Mozambique and Zululand, were influenced by the long-lived Karoo hot spot track. The varied tectonic history observed along the margin will be discussed utilizing a series of geo-seismic transects from northern South Africa to Somalia. These will illustrate the influence that genetic margin character has on the potential for source rock deposition, reservoir and seal development, trapping styles and hydrocarbon retention.

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