Low-Frequency Data Extrapolation Using a Feed-Forward ANN
O. Ovcharenko, V. Kazei, D. Peter, X. Zhang and T. Alkhalifah
Event name: 80th EAGE Conference and Exhibition 2018
Session: Poster: FWI B
Publication date: 11 June 2018
Info: Extended abstract, PDF ( 2.26Mb )
Price: € 20
Full-waveform inversion (FWI) benefits in many ways from having low-frequency data. However, those are rarely available due to acquisition limitations. Here, we explore the feasibility of frequency-bandwidth extrapolation using an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) approach. The ANN is trained to be a non-linear operator that maps high-frequency data for a single source and multiple receivers to low-frequency data. Assuming that the source is a point (delta function) in both time and space, we train the network on synthetic data generated using random velocity models. Extending our previous work, we apply the ANN to multiple collocated source-receiver acquisitions to predict 0.5~Hz data for a crop from the acoustic BP 2004 benchmark model. Prediction results, in general, resemble the reference ones but the prediction accuracy is barely sufficient to directly use extrapolated data in FWI. To demonstrate, we show regularized mono-frequency FWI on extrapolated data.