Forward modelling and imaging of ground-penetrating radar in tunnel ahead geological prospecting
B. Liu, F. Zhang, S. Li, Y. Li, S. Xu, L. Nie, C. Zhang and Q. Zhang
Journal name: Geophysical Prospecting
Issue: Vol 66, No 4, May 2018 pp. 784 - 797
Info: Article, PDF ( 21.95Mb )
Adverse geologies are often encountered during tunnel construction, which could seriously endanger the construction. To ensure the safety, it is essential to detect adverse geologies and their water-bearing situation ahead the tunnel face. Ground-penetrating radar is a suitable instrument, but the accurate interpretation of its detection results is difficult. In this paper, at first, an improved back projection imaging algorithm is proposed, which can make reflection waves closer to the real geological boundaries with few artificial clutters. And then, forward modelling of ground-penetrating radar is carried out for typical adverse geologies, such as karst caves, faults, fractured rock masses, fracture network, and water-bearing body. Their corresponding response features are obtained, accumulating experience for geological interpretation. The above two methods provide the basis for target identification and geological interpretation. In the last part, the application of the above two methods in several engineering cases are given, and their effectiveness is verified.